Maple syrup urine disease, a disorder of branched-chain amino acid catabolism that results in abnormal accumulations of the amino acids and their metabolites, was suspected in a healthy infant born to a mother who ingested a paste prepared from fenugreek seeds early in labor. 30 Fenugreek, maple syrup, and the urine of patients with the disease share a characteristic odor originating from a common ingredient, sotolone. The seeds have been used in traditional medicine to augment milk supply in nursing women. The extent of transmission of fenugreek-derived constituents into breast milk is unknown.
Talong is a coarse, usually branched, prickly or unarmed, erect, half-woody plant, growing to a height of to 1 meter. Leaves are ovate to oblong-ovate, 10 to 25 centimeters long, stellate-hairy beneath, and irregularly or shallowly lobed at the margins. Flowers are axillary, purplish, about centimeters long. Fruit is fleshy, smooth, purple, up to 25 centimeters long, extremely variable in shape, round, oblong, or cylindric-oblong.
- Cultivated throughout the Philippines for the edible fruit; the elongated variety, the most cultivated.
- Nowhere spontaneous.
- Cultivated in all warm countries.